Leveraging non-party stakeholders

Refers to efforts to increase the engagement of non-party stakeholders, typically to achieve progress or positive interpretations of the negotiation process or outcome. This can encompass a range of activities, including interviews, meetings and financing tools, as well as invitations to submit papers and participate in negotiation processes.

Managing participation

Management of participation relates to organisers’ inclusion and exclusion of non-party stakeholders in the negotiation process. This typically involves a careful balancing of various considerations, including the rules of procedure, logistics, and a need for both effectiveness and legitimacy.