“The Paris Agreement represents one of the most ambitious outcomes possible given the political and institutional background in which it was forged” states an article on the French Presidency of the UN climate conference in 2015. The author Hayley Walker, PhD researcher at the University of Leuven, presents two central concepts of the French diplomacy: Empowerment of the countries through an inclusive, party-driven process as well as explicit recognition and acknowledgement of all participants.

Walker refers to research done by Dr Kai Monheim, Director of the Centre for Multilateral Negotiations, who compared the management practices of the Danish and Mexican climate presidencies in 2009 and 2010 as well as presidencies of WTO and biosafety negotiations in his book “How negotiation management promotes multilateral cooperation”.

Research tip: French diplomacy concepts contributing to the Paris Climate Agreement